Materials (Basel, Switzerland)
Indexed In
Short Name Materials (Basel)
Abbreviated Name Materials (Basel)
ISSN 1996-1944
Aim and Scope About Materials Materials (ISSN 1996-1944) is an open access journal of related scientific research and technology development. It publishes reviews, regular research papers (articles) and short communications. Our aim is to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible. Therefore, there is no restriction on the length of the papers. The full experimental details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced. Materials provides a forum for publishing papers which advance the in-depth understanding of the relationship between the structure, the properties or the functions of all kinds of materials. Chemical syntheses, chemical structures and mechanical, chemical, electronic, magnetic and optical properties and various applications will be considered. Topics Covered Class of materials include ceramics, glasses, polymers (plastics), semiconductors, magnetic materials, medical implant materials and biological materials, silica and carbon materials, metals and metallic alloys. All kinds of functional materials including material for dentistry. Composites, coatings and films, pigments. Classes of materials such as ionic crystals; covalent crystals; metals; intermetallics. Materials science or materials engineering. Nanoscience and nanotechnology will be considered also. Characterization techniques such as electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, calorimetry, nuclear microscopy (HEFIB), Rutherford backscattering, neutron diffraction, etc. Fundamental research: Condensed matter physics and materials physics. Continuum mechanics and statistics. Mechanics of materials. Tribology (friction, lubrication and wear). Solid-state physics. Several topical special issues will be published.
Author Instructions
Keywords tensile strength; Antimicrobial activity; adsorption; Activated carbon; structure; microscopy; 3d printing; Soil; thermal stability; Machine learning; Data mining; support vector machine; Statistical Analysis; artificial neural network; biopolymers; Electrical conductivity; Nanocomposites; bimetallic nanoparticles; hydrogen peroxide; mature leaves; non-photochemical quenching; photoprotective mechanism; photosynthetic heterogeneity; plastoquinone pool; redox state; spatiotemporal heterogeneity; young leaves; kinetics; nanoparticles; Nanohybrid; biomass; electrospinning; Pathogen detection; Neural network; MRI; skin; Cobalt; mechanical properties; thermal properties; thermal energy storage; levofloxacin; pKa; Silver nanoparticles; biomaterials; SEM; Finite Element Method; oxidation; rheology; conducting polymer; Image processing; Fuel cell; performance; Fuzzy logic; Magnesium; Zinc; polymer; elastomers; Water Absorption; nanomaterials; electrical resistivity; microstructural evolution; fiber-reinforced composite; chemical treatment; porosity; pore structure; capacitance; dye adsorption kinetics; emeraldine salt state; flexible composite electrode; pseudo-second order model; valence band; energy power density; nitrogen and oxygen doped activated carbon; supercapacitor capacitance; surface chemistry; co2; lignin; vocs; carbon-silicon composite; carboxymethyl cellulose; dynamic adsorption; p-xylene; drug delivery; gold nanoparticles; laser ablation; mxene; nanotechnology; surface morphology; waste management; aging; mechanism; 5g; life cycle assessment (lca); recycling; particle size; stress; metal matrix composites; ti-6al-4v; titanium; physical properties; persulfate; ellipsometry; accuracy; grain size; morphology; nucleation; temperature; random forest; optical properties; water quality; mutation; micro-raman spectroscopy; reliability; saxs; noise; electronic structure; Supercapacitor; scanning electron microscopy; cruciform; geometry parameters; stress concentration factor; variation coefficient; discrete element method; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (xps); acrylic acid; plasma polymerization; diffusion; matlab; circular economy; fatigue; cell-penetrating peptide; intracellular delivery; protein transduction domain; viral particle; concrete; non-destructive evaluation; thermal-induced damage; alternating current (ac) losses; superconducting coil; superconducting material law; compressive strength; elastic modulus; lightweight aggregate concrete; prediction model; thermal conductivity; infectious diseases; porous structure; surface modification; visible light; sma; antibacterial activity; microstructure; optimization; environmental impact; toughness; hydrogels; self-healing; electrolyte; adhesion; tissue engineering; conductivity; fracture; fiber; elastic stage; internal tensile force detection; metal magnetic memory; steel bar; yielding stage; debonding detection; 60 kgk rail material; unsm 5; compressive residual stress; hardness; wear resistance; elevated temperatures; fractography; additive; fly ash; dynamic mechanical analysis; graphene; porous carbon; cell uptake; thermal treatment; clustering; valorisation; reinforcement; high pressure; photovoltaic; bismuth ferrite; sol–gel method; coordinate transformation; elasticity; orientation dependence; piezoelectricity; axial compression; bearing capacity; ductility; energy dissipation capacity; perfobond rib; rectangular-sectional concrete-filled steel tube column; steel fiber reinforced concrete; steel plate rib; alignment; surface roughness; carbon dioxide; composite; clinoptilolite; pinus halepensis bark extract; uv-induced inflammation; anti-inflammatory activity; electrospun nanofibrous patches; mice; finite element modeling; numerical modelling; phase transition; joule heating; liquid films; oxides; phase diagrams; reactive flash sintering; structural health monitoring; creep; electrical properties; polymer–matrix composites (pmcs); smart materials; structural analysis; denture; graphene-ag nanoparticles; mechanical characterization; polymethyl methacrylate; multimodality; roughness; ablation; carbon–carbon composites; high-temperature properties; copper; contact angle; polymer composites; larcodems; density separations; heavy media separation; multivariate adaptive regression splines (mars); environmental sustainability; body heat harvesting; n-type bismuth telluride; power generation; thermoelectric materials; wearable systems; genetic algorithms; standards; deformation; hydrogen; numerical simulation; root cause analysis; evaporation; pavement engineering; road surface; semi-flexible water retaining pavement; thermal-mass coupling; freeze-drying; basic oxygen furnace; scrap dissolution; scrap melting; steelmaking; thermodynamics; hydrodynamics; vibration; eva-modified mortars; eva/cement ratio; cast specimens; curing age; flexural strength; printed specimens; phase change material; pmos; epitaxial graphene; magnetoresistance; quantum hall; resistance standard; silicon carbide; ultrasonic treatment; strength; nanofluids; nonlinear acousto-optics; plasmonic nanoparticles; ultrasonic sensors; density; noise reduction; lubrication; anticorrosion; protective coating; baceo3; spect; carbon fiber reinforced polymer (cfrp) strips; hammering actions; masonry buildings; out-of-plane strengthening; textile reinforced mortar (trm); three-dimensional strengthening; acid rain corrosion; brick masonry; mathematical degradation model; shear bond strength; masonry structures; 1850; eugène viollet-le-duc; connecting rod; crosspiece; ductile cast iron; linear and non-linear calculation; masonry dome; natural rock; simulation of construction; autoclaved aerated concrete (aac) masonry units; clay brick (cb); bed joint reinforcement; calcium-silicate (ca-si) masonry units; shear strength; shear walls; strain angle; wall stiffness; cfrp; block masonry; earthquake engineering; laboratory testing; shear behavior; finite element analysis; heat transfer coefficient; latent heat; thermal bridge; concrete blocks for mortarless masonry; environmentally-based optimization; recycled aggregate concrete; recycled expanded polystyrene; recycled masonry aggregate; cam system; cfrp strips; bracing; dissipative systems; out-of-plane strength; seismic retrofitting; cnts; adhesive wear; load-carrying capacity; self-lubricating composites; wear mechanisms; pcl; tmt; nano-tio2; nano-lubricant; viscosity index; silver perrhenate; corrosion; synergy; green synthesis; numerical modeling; al matrix composite; sic nanowires; extrusion temperature; strengthening; composites; anode materials; non-destructive testing; fibrocement; mortar; wood ash; additive manufacturing; viscosity; chloride; hafnium carbide; hafnium nitride; zirconium carbide; zirconium nitride; selective laser melting; slm forming parts; critical refraction longitudinal wave; scanning strategies; topology optimization; carbon-mixed-copper; laser absorption; laser reflection; corrosion resistance; duplex stainless steel; heat treatment; residual stresses; welding; metal powders; printability; tungsten carbide; bolted joint; built-in; eddy current sensor network; damage; red mud; finite difference method; thiosemicarbazone; pullulan; photocatalytic activity; fracture toughness; burner rig test; double-layered tbc; gadolinium zirconate; suspension plasma spray; thermal cyclic fatigue; yttria stabilized zirconia; karlovitz number; flame stabilizing on a rotating surface (fsrs); flame synthesis; particle deposition; rotational speed; carbon capture and storage process (ccs); nanoparticles and shallow reservoirs; precipitation; 3d scaffold; simulation analysis; hydrophobicity; czm; dcb; gfrp; mode i; vcct; bilinear law; exponential law; asphalt pavement; cohesive zone method; crack propagation; pavement design; ansys workbench; delamination test; modefrontier; bonded interfaces; cohesive zone modelling; fatigue crack growth; cohesive zone model; dsc-tg analysis; bonding strength; phosphate adhesive; residual stress; single lap joint; delamination; cohesive element; cohesive zone; encapsulation-based; interface fracture; sustainable; friction; magnetic nanoparticle; b20 crystal structure; monocilicide; topological semimetal; railway; cracking; polymeric dowels; railway sleeper; thermal variation; stress fatigue; ultrasonic nonlinear wave; wave mixing; cement–fly ash paste; nano-al2o3; nano-caco3; nano-sio2; resting time; energy dissipation; engineered cementitious composites; steel grid; tensile capacity; self-healing concrete; biomineralization; calcination; coal shale; metakaolin; thermal analysis; water leaching; zeolite synthesis; cu–al–ni alloys; ni2mnga; tini; parameters of microstructure; shape memory effect; strength and ductility; structure types; thermoelastic martensitic transformation; ultra-fine grain size; lithium-ion battery; crystal orientation; dendrite bending; dendritic growth; single-crystalline superalloy; thin-walled areas; turbine blade; aero-acoustics; metal foam; noise-control; spray coating; trailing edge; taguchi method; bombesin; pozzolanic reaction; self-compacting concrete (scc); workability; carbon sequestration; austempered ductile iron; cutting force components; ductile iron; milling; fatigue life; stress distribution; fiber-reinforcement; insulation; super flexible aerogel; temperature dependency; dissolution; blast furnace slag; calcium hydroxide; effective replacement ratio; reaction efficiency coefficient; bottom-up approach; plasma in solution; silicon–carbon composites; lmp; limgpo4; lithium magnesium phosphate; luminescence properties; luminescent enhancement; terbium; thermoluminescence; thulium; trivalent rare-earth ions; genetic modification; gqd-immunosensor; yersinia enterocolitica; enzyme mimics; graphene quantum dots (gqds); mineral composition; cement; slag; arthroplasty; metal matrix composite; powder metallurgy; carbon fiber; expanded graphite; gypsum-based composite material; thermal performances; cement-based materials; partition wall; porous materials; template; waste utilization; aluminum alloy; basalt mineral; friction coefficient; plasma electrolytic oxidation; slurry electrolyte; cellulose; swelling; self-cleaning; durability; decision tree; ni–al2o3 nanocomposite coatings; environmental friendly refrigerant; low carbon technology; reciprocating motion; wear; total knee replacement; confinement; radiosensitization; electrical and thermal performances; novel backsheets; photovoltaic applications; solar modules; polyurea; ceramic armor; oblique impact; penetration; embankment; lime; soil stabilization; bio-based material; building envelope; hemp shiv; hempcrete wall; regionalized lca; michael addition; cinchona; organocatalysis; squaramide; thiourea; organic–inorganic hybrid nanomaterials; surface-initiated atom transfer polymerization; acridine; antibacterial cotton; dendrimer; metallodendrimer; experiments; energy absorption; restrained ring shrinkage test; restrained squared eccentric ring shrinkage test; rubber particle size; rubberized cement-based mortar; lattice boltzmann method; passing factor; rock-filled concrete; self-compacting concrete; cai behaviour; gfrp composites; damage assessment; nanosilica fillers; secondary reinforcement; low-velocity impact; ball screw; carbon fiber reinforced plastics; thermal deformation; carbon fiber-reinforced polymer; inorganic crystals; layer-by-layer coating; mechanical strength; damping coefficient; direction of carbon fiber; resonance frequency; scaled sensitivity index; spectral loading pattern; carbon fiber reinforced polymers (cfrp); damping; heat release rate.; sound transmission; thermosetting resins; carbon fiber-reinforced plastic; failure mechanism; finite element model; ply splice; abrasion; carbide wear; metal adhesion; titanium alloy; drilling; machinability; tool wear; miga; pearson correlation analysis; approximate model; finite element model modification; pan-based cfrtp; compression molding; optimization of process parameters; test; columns; load bearing capacity; reinforced concrete; eis; fml; sol–gel coating; bridge engineering; series-parallel model; size effect; b-pillar; carbon fiber reinforced plastic (cfrp); drop tower test; genetic algorithms (gas); debonding monitoring; piezoceramic sensor; ultrasonic wave; composite material; basalt; centrifugal cast; fabric; ablation mechanism; c/sic composite; scanning electron microscopy (sem); extrusion; injection molding; melt flow rate.; frp; mechanical behavior; pine wood beams; poplar wood; c4.5; petg; fused deposition modeling (fdm); random tree; anova; polyethylene terephthalate glycol (petg); sliding angle; open cell; random structure; thermal test; critical fracture value; electron backscatter diffraction; fine blanking; metallic microgear; rene 65; chip formation; cutting forces; nickel superalloy; surface finish; machining; titanium alloys; turning; pvd coating; vanadis 6 die steel; nitriding; electrochemical discharge; engineering ceramics; mechanical grinding; micro-groove machining; surface integrity; ionic conductivity; fiber-reinforced polymer composite; gearbox; polypyrrole; high temperature; copper-graphite; hot isostatic pressing; single-crystal α-al2o3 fibres; strengthening mechanism; environmentally friendly; nano-cutting fluids; nickel-based alloys; geopolymer; fungal inhibition; lithium-ion batteries; corrosion behavior; heat straightening; natural aging; aisi 304; composite coating; impact resistance; 1cr13mos; friction and wear performance; self-lubricating; pd–ag alloy; temperature-programmed desorption; low-density polyethylene; tyrosinase inhibitor; biocomposites; polylactic acid (pla); polyoxometalate; solvent casting; phase inversion; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; caal-cl-ldh; amorphous al(oh)3; coating; ar-glass fibers; basalt fibers; high performance concrete (hpc), carbon fibers; textile reinforced concrete (trc); uv irradiation; ellipsoids; face instability; micro-scale analysis; shield tunneling; integral abutment curved box-girder bridge; stressing state; stressing state mode; updated failure load; fiber reinforcement; freeze-thaw cycles; frost-induced failure; three-level evaluation mode; tcnq; core-shell structure; al2o3/sio2 ratio; crystallization products; mold flux; heavy metal ions; cfrp laminate; continuum damage model; in situ strength effect; intralaminar progressive failure analysis; modified puck’s theory; curing; applied current density; hot-dip galvanized rebar; impressed anodic current; polarization resistance; zinc coating thickness; bioceramics; bone cement; calcium phosphate; electrochemical deposition; functionally graded materials; nano-hydroxyapatite; bio-inspired materials; centrifugal method (cm); functionally graded materials (fgms); reaction mixed-powder method; mechanical property; metformin hydrochloride; molten core method; optical fiber; ti; aluminide; diffusion coating; pack cementation; fdm printing; glass wastes; abaca (manila hemp) fiber; definitive screening design of experiment; tensile properties; anatase tio2 nanocrystals; high-energy facets; photovoltaic performance; pan fiber; covalent coupling; accelerated flow corrosion; sound absorption; sustainable materials; textile waste; civil engineering; phase transformation; nanosilver; ultrasonic spray pyrolysis; casting; sandwich structures; stereolithography; amalgam; nanoplates; spectral blue shift; uv barrier; water-resistance; biomedical alloy; shape memory alloy; single crystal; temperature variable micro-compression test; bismuth ferrate; dielectric permittivity; low density polyethylene; magnetization characteristics; relative humidity; pedot: pss; solid electrolyte; cold mixtures; cold recycled mixture; foamed bitumen; redispersible polymer powder; cross-coupling arc; droplet transfer; inter-wire arc (iwa); polarity arrangement; chemical and phase composition; intergranular corrosion resistance; laser beam welding; friction stir spot welding; post-buckling analysis; thin-walled structure; advanced high-strength steel; nugget diameter; resistance spot welding; aluminum; tial3; growth kinetic; particle interlayer thickness; ultrasonic spot welding; galvanized dual phase steel; weld formation; beam offset; dissimilar joint; pure molybdenum; pure titanium ta2; niti shape memory alloys; failure behavior; fracture morphology; microstructural characterization; adhesive types; bond line thickness; epoxy adhesive; nugget size; resistance welding; three-sheet weld-bonding; steel; 800h alloy; life prediction model; low-cycle fatigue; strain control; total strain energy density method; cu-al/sio2 porous material; no decomposition rate; cement kiln; denitrification mechanism; experimental studies; grain boundary embrittlement; strengthening energy; 17-4 ph; markforged; dimensional accuracy; metal x; carbon steel; geothermal; cl-20; bonding agents; high energy composites; interfacial interaction; sem images; cement stabilized rammed earth; rammed earth; sustainable building material; electroactive paper; wet drawing; en ac 42100; en ac 48000; aluminum fgm; impact test; grain size distribution; numerical visualization; phase-field; semi-solid; temperature gradient; zif-8; fly ash particles; bacillus pasteurii bacteria; crack repair; bacterial technique; repairing efficiency; air entrapment; die-casting filling; real-time observation; conductive polymer; destructive testing; heavy manufacturing industry; optical inspection; rejection rate; heat-affected zone; high strength cast iron; nodular cast iron; phases; shield metal arc welding; welding cast iron; t5 heat treatment; zl205a; fluidity; rare earth er; agricultural by-products; construction materials; 0.5li2mno3·0.5limn0.8ni0.1co0.1o2; cathode material; co-precipitation method; lithium-rich layered oxide; voltage decay; carbon xerogels; graphitization; zeolitic; accelerator; bond; interlayer strength; shotcrete 3d printing; composite pavement; dynamic modulus; mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide (mepdg); reflective cracking; marshall compactor; gyratory compactor; rubberized asphalt; stone mastic asphalt; warm mix asphalt; diamond; heat buffer layer; micro-focus; flax papersheets; al-zn-mg alloy; ebsd; fatigue crack propagation; friction stir welding; lz50 steel; non-proportional loading; replica test; short cracks; in-situ silica; tear fatigue test; cfrp composites; graphite fluoride; damage identification; non-destructive inspection; ultrasonic visualization; ultrasonic wave propagation; cfrp location; composite tube; fibre-reinforcement; high-performance self-compacting concrete; stress-strain curve; extended finite element method; matrix cracking; aluminium alloy; boron carbide; laser surface alloying; isro; aluminium alloys; quasicrystals; solidification; c14-nbcr2 laves phase; nb3sn; nb5sn2si; niobium silicide based alloys; silicides; solid solution; tin effect; metallic glass; metallic glass composites; metallic strips; twin-roller casting; pore size; cmsx-4; creep resistance; crystal structure perfection; nickel-based superalloy; single crystal (sx); grain refinement; interdependence model; magnesium alloys; melt flow; squeezing casting; ni-based single crystal superalloys; starter block; grain selection; selecting mechanism; bridgman process; ni-based superalloys; directional solidification; grain structure; inner radiation baffle; camphene-templated porous α-sialon; dz22b nickel based superalloy; directionally solidified blade; investment casting; mold facecoat; sand burning; pvdf-hfp; tio2 nanofiber; composite separator; thermal shrinkage; catalyst carrier; gel-casting; γ-alumina; drying shrinkage; durability properties; fresh properties; lightweight alkali activated mortar; mineral wool; alkali-activated slag concrete (aasc); x-ray industrial computed tomography (ict); recycled aggregate concrete (rac); shrinkage cracking; waste fiber reinforced; demolding strength; microwave heating system; precast concrete; site precast; steam curing; niti alloy; bionic protective structure; compression characteristics; shape memory properties; cohesive contact models; discrete element method (dem); powder compaction; refractory materials; axial stiffness; fatigue strength; highly efficient heat exchange tubes; stress analysis; mindlin’s theory; moving load; triple-layer composite plate; adhesive properties; mastics; crumb rubber modified asphalt mixture; stress absorbing membrane interlayer; temperature sweep test; bio-binder; bitumen; asphalt-rubber; high-temperature performance; low-temperature performance; microwave processing; tsrst; cracking susceptibility; low temperature properties; semi-circular bending test; gma; hong kong–zhuhai–macao bridge; deck pavement; gussasphalt concrete; wma; asphalt concrete; moisture susceptibility; natural zeolite; asphalt mixture; cement mortar; indirect tensile test; semi-flexible composite mixture; radiant heating; empirical modeling; non-vapor compression; thermoelectric module; elevated temperature; highstrength concrete; relation; supplementary cementitious materials; dissimilar materials; intermetallic compounds; crash boxes; crashworthiness; joining by forming; resistance spot-welding; effective removal rate of damage; lapping process; low-damage fabrication; sub-surface damage; constitutive model; strain rate; electrohydraulic forming; material property; reduced order model; surrogate model; ductile and brittle cracking; nonlinear analysis; plastic and brittle zones; steel sheet; fracture characteristics; impact compression; passive confining pressure; low velocity impact; shape memory alloy materials; thermoplastic material; cement paste; effective gap height; fresh concrete; model suspensions; parallel-plate system; structured surfaces; wall slip prevention; corrosion in concrete; corrosion sensors; coupled-multi-electrodes (cme); electrical resistance (er) probes; long-term corrosion monitoring; macrocell corrosion; real environment exposure; stainless steel reinforcement; fast construction; hinder-free replacement; low maintenance; ultra high-performance concrete (uhpc), accelerated bridge construction (abc), advanced design; sfcb; flexural performance; hybrid-reinforced concrete beam; impressed current cathodic protection; crack width measurement; nanosilica; water permeability; chemical admixtures; overhead electric power lines; poles; production technology; spinning equipment; spun reinforced concrete; environmentally friendly materials; fibre-reinforced concrete; highly damped concrete; rubberized concrete; self-sealing concrete; ultrasonic pulse velocity; hrb500e; dynamic tensile test; reinforcing bar; long-term behaviour; offshore concrete; compressive stress; fiber volume fraction; filling slurry matrix; high-performance fiber-reinforced cementitious composite; slurry-infiltrated fiber-reinforced cementitious composite; stress-strain relationship; curvature; flexural elements; short-term loading; tension stiffening; photo-electric characteristics; process optimization; pyramidal texture; quantitative characterization; relative standard deviation; silicon cell; beam deflection; millimeter-wave (mmw); reconfigurable metamaterial; schiff bases; rtil; nitrogen adsorption isotherms; pore size distribution; sol-gel reaction; persson contact theory; equivalent method of interface; virtual material method; mechatronics; al-9si-4cu-0.4mg-0.3sc alloy; deformation mechanism; different casting state; isothermal holding temperature; linepipe steel; inverse conical perspective; manufacturing systems; micromachines; micromanufacturing; position compensation; position control; austenitic steel 08ch18n10t; cyclic hardening; cyclic plasticity; dc magnetron sputtering; nanoindentation; thin film metallic glasses; iot acm; atmospheric corrosion; corrosion data; corrosion monitoring; electrical resistance sensor; specific surface area; extrudability; extrusion-based 3d concrete printing; limestone and calcined clay; ram extruder; viscosity-modifying admixture; mechanical and technological properties; physical modelling; thermoplastic processing; wire rod with increased cold deformability; hole quality; multi-hole drilling; one-shot drilling; cfrp.; hybrid joints; laser cleaning; laser joining; bearing steel 100cr6; compression test; force–displacement curves; mechanical descriptor; spherical micro samples; al–si–cu–mg alloys; high strength and ductility; insoluble phases; soluble phases; multi principal element alloy; powder; nonlinear; medical ti6al4v alloys; ultrasonic properties; ultrasonic scalpel; bimodal precipitations; copper precipitation; ferritic antibacterial stainless steel; height-diameter ratio; impact toughness; pearlite; inconel 718 superalloy; γ″-ni3nb; grain morphology; grain morphology; laser powder-bed fusion; laser powder-bed fusion; silicon segregations; silicon segregations; aluminum alloys; hot compression; processing maps; segregated phases; ti–ni alloy; martensitic transformation; superelasticity; alsi10mg alloy; high pressure vacuum die casting; permanent mold casting; quench sensitivity; mg alloys; hot extrusion; stacking faults; tnm alloy; spark plasma sintering; γ tial based alloys; lens; ti6al4v alloy; dynamic tests; honeycomb structure; laser engineered net shaping; az91; high pressure die casting; brittle and ductile deformation; expanded perlite; metallic syntactic foam; zinc alloy; alkali activation; glass–ceramic foams; inorganic gel casting; waste glass; residual mechanical properties; ultra-high performance concrete; below-grade concrete structure space; negative-side waterproofing; positive-side waterproofing; waterproofing material evaluation; pvc; confined reinforced high-strength concrete; reinforced high-strength concrete; seismic performance; shear bearing capacity; cigarette butts; material flow; isoelectric point; water vapor adsorption; bnt–bt; x-ray powder diffraction; actuating materials; ferroelectrics; lead-free; piezoceramics; relaxor; self-heating; peek-optima™; uhmwpe; experimental simulation; orthopaedic tribology; third body wear; tencel™; isotactic polypropylene; natural fibres; nucleating agent; transcrystallinity; pc3 tumor; monitoring fbg; power transmission tower; dental implant contamination; surface chemical composition; surface treatment technique; taylor impact test; computer simulations; low-density aluminum foam; porous ceramics; mat 185; adhesive material; edgewise compression; sandwich structure; tiebreak contact; small-caliber ammunition; forming characteristics; integral circumferential mefp; variable wall thickness; erosion-corrosion; flow-accelerated corrosion; egg packages; structure failure; sedimentation and diffusion velocities; high strength steel; weld joints; gmaw; waam; contact tip to work piece distance; electrical stickout; energy input per unit length; processing strategy; wire arc additive manufacturing; controlled cooling line; heat forging; thermal treatment design; thermoplastic treatment technology; 304 stainless steel; reinforcement height; repair welding; stress corrosion cracking; heat input; asymmetrical of rolling; bimetal; deep drawing; sheet buckling; sheet metal forming; brass; dissimilar ultra-thin sheet; welding parameters; μfsw; 5083 aluminum alloy; low cycle fatigue; hpddl; ppta; heat resistant steel; nickel‐based superalloy; surfacing;